biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives
biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives
biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives
biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives
biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives
biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

Biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

In particular, derivatives of 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphanphenthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) are effective in imparting flame retardancy and display low toxicity [ [26], [27], [28], [29] ]. Tartaric acid is a tetrafunctional compound found in many fruits, especially grapes [ [30], [31], [32], [33] ].

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biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

Biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

Biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives Polymer Degradation and Stability DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2018.10.006 Authors: Bobby Howell Central Michigan University Wenxiao...

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biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

Biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

A series of biobased phosphorus flame retardants has been prepared by converting starch-derived bis-2,5- (hydroxymethyl)furan to the corresponding diacrylate followed by Michael addition of phosphite¡­ 16 PDF Biomolecules as Flame Retardant Additives for Polymers: A Review Daniel A Villamil Watson D. Schiraldi

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biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

Biobased flame retardants from tartaric acid and derivatives

M Phosphorus compounds, particularly those derived from biomaterials, function as effective D flame retardants and, in general, are much less toxic than organohalogen flame retardants.21-25 TE In particular, derivatives of 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphanphenthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) are effective in imparting flame retardancy and display low toxicity. 26-29 Tartaric acid is a EP tetrafunctional

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bio-based flame retardants: when nature meets fire protection

Bio-based flame retardants: When nature meets fire protection

Abstract Fire retardancy of polymeric materials is a subject of major preoccupation due to the need to minimize fire risk and meet fire safety requirements. Numerous efficient conventional flame retardants based on halogen, mineral, and other compounds have been developed.

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phosphorus-containing flame retardants from biobased chemicals

Phosphorus-Containing Flame Retardants from Biobased Chemicals

Biobased polymers and biobased flame retardants have a huge potential for greener polymer synthesis and flame retardant solutions and contribute to a reduced environmental impact in this context. This review covers biobased phosphorus-containing flame retardants for epoxy resins and polyesters.

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recent advances in bio-based additive flame retardants for

Recent Advances in Bio-Based Additive Flame Retardants for

The authors focused mostly on the thermal degradation of composites containing bio-based flame retardants determined by thermogravimetric analysis, their tendency to sustain a flame determined by a limiting oxygen index, and fire behavior determined by a cone calorimeter test.

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bio-based flame retardants to polymers: a review

Bio-based flame retardants to polymers: A review

CNT. A new bio-based flame retardant calcium magnesium phytate (CaMg-PA) and acid-treated carbon nanotubes (CNT) were used to synergistically flame retardant PLA ( Fig. 5 b) [ 116 ]. When 19 wt% CaMg-PA and 1 wt% CNT were added to PLA, the pHRR of the composite decreased from 385 kW/m 2 of pure sample to 249 kW/m 2.

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development of sustainable flame-retardant materials

Development of sustainable flame-retardant materials

A variety of bio-based phosphorus-containing or phosphorus- and bromine-containing compounds derived from tartaric acid were introduced by Howell and Sun.72 Tartaric acid derivatives serve as effective flame retardants, as a simple phosphinate and phosphonate ester provides effective flame retardancy at a low loading of 1¨C2% phosphorus.72

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biodegradable flame retardants for biodegradable polymer - pmc

Biodegradable Flame Retardants for Biodegradable Polymer - PMC

Both itaconic acid and tartaric acid are used as a raw material for the development of flame retardants . Maqsood et al. [ 56 , 85 ] studied the effect of cornstarch as a bio-based carbonization agent in intumescent formulations as a potential biodegradable substitute for pentaerythritol and PLA/starch composites.

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