Month: February 2024

Polyacrylamide (PAM) Prices, Monitor, Analysis & Demand

Get Real Time Prices Market Overview Sample Graph [Unit = INR/Tonnes] For the Quarter Ending September 2023 North America In the US market, the overall market fundamentals of Polyacrylamide (PAM) exhibited mixed sentiments during the third quarter of 2023. The price of PAM experienced a minimal decrease of approximately 1.6% during the entire Q3.

Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in

The hydrolyzed form of polyacrylamide (HPAM), a co-polymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid, is the most widely used anionic PAM in oil and gas development as well as in soil conditioning. 1, 9,…

Anionic Polyacrylamide Application Guide for Urban

Anionic PAM Application Guide for Urban Construction – 2013 Anionic PM pplication uide for ran onstruction 2013 3 2.1 Product Selection Any anionic PAM product used for erosion and sediment control on a construction site should adhere to the following criteria. ? Anionic PAM is the active ingredient. Only products using water

Polyacrylamide Market Size, Share & Growth Report, 2030

Polyacrylamide Market Report Scope. Market size value in 2023. USD 5.8 billion. USD 9.1 billion. CAGR of 6.5% from 2023 to 2030. Base year for estimation. Volume in kilotons, revenue in USD million/billion, and CAGR from 2023 to 2030. Revenue forecast, volume forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends.


The information presented in this dossier was obtained primarily from the Cosmetic Ingredient Review on polyacrylamide (CIR, 2005) and from the book titled Ecological Assessment of Polymers, Strategies for Product Stewardship and Regulatory Programs (Lyons and Vasconellos, 1997).


Polyacrylamide (abbreviated as PAM or pAAM) is a polymer with the formula (-CH 2 CHCONH 2 -). It has a linear-chain structure. PAM is highly water-absorbent, forming a soft gel when hydrated. In 2008, an estimated 750,000,000 kg were produced, mainly for water treatment and the paper and mineral industries.

Polyacrylamide in Agriculture and Environmental Land

Anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) has been sold since 1995 to reduce irrigation©induced erosion and enhance infiltration. Its soil stabilizing and flocculating properties improve runoff water quality by reducing sediments, N, dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) and total P, chemical oxygen demand (COD), pesticides, weed seeds, and microorganisms in runoff.

Fabricating an anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) with an anionic

2.1. Materials The monomer AM and SAS were purchased from Chongqing Lanjie Tap Water Company (Chongqing, China). Urea [CO (NH2)2] and initiator 2,2¡ä-azobis [2- (2-imidazolin-2-yl)propane]dihydrochloride (VA-044) were sourced from Apotheker Chemical Reagent Co., Ltd. (Chendou, China).

Polyelectrolyte polymers¡ªTypes, forms, and function

Anionic polyacrylamides hold the largest portion, as far as, market size goes, however, only being slightly ahead of cationic polymers. Anionic and cationic polyacrylamides make up roughly ~ 75% of the total polyacrylamide market, with nonionic products comprising the final ~ 25%. The largest application areas include solid-liquid separation in

Polyacrylamide | Water Treatment, Soil Stabilization

polyacrylamide, an acrylic resin that has the unique property of being soluble in water. It is employed in the treatment of industrial and municipal wastewater. Polyacrylamides are produced by the polymerization of acrylamide (C 3 H 5 NO), a compound obtained by the hydration of acrylonitrile. Acrylamide is usually dissolved in water; it has

Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in environmental

High MW anionic PAM is also the most commonly applied polymer in enhanced oil recovery applications; the use of surfactant-polymer flooding can increase oil recovery by 5¨C30% 14 and in some…

Variations in the molecular weight response of anionic polyacrylamides

For flocculants based on a polyacrylamide (PAM) backbone, it is generally stated that increasing MW will lead to improved adsorption and settling performance ( Caskey and Primus, 1986, Clark et al., 1990, Petzold and Herrington, 1990 ), although this can be affected by many other factors.

Flocculating oil sands tailings with dual anionic/cationic polymers

[6, 7] Anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) is the most common flocculant for MFT, but when used alone it cannot recover much of the water trapped in the thick MFT slurry. [1, 8, 9] Even though modified PAMs and other new polymer flocculants have been used to improve MFT dewatering, they often need high doses, which limits their scale up. [6-8]

Best Practices Guidance for the Use of Anionic Polyacrylamide on

PAM aids solid-liquid separation by causing suspended particles to bind and form larger aggregates. The process is known as polymer bridging. One of the most common polymer flocculants on the market. Common uses of PAM as a flocculant: reduction of sediment and nutrient loads to natural lakes and ponds.

Fabricating an anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) with an anionic block

Flocculation experimental results demonstrated that the anionic microblocks in the template copolymer could enhance the charge neutralization and bridging ability, and therefore an excellent flocculation performance of treating high turbidity water was observed. 1. Introduction

A comparison study between bioflocculants and PAM for dewatering of

Results highlighted that PAM had the highest flocculation activity in low dosages (0.05 and 0.1 wt%) while in dosages above 0.25 wt%, cationic biopolymers; protamine, and lysozyme for kaolinite and anionic pectin for serpentine showed a higher performance than the other polymers.

Water Soluble Polymer Flocculants: Synthesis, Characterization,

Alagha et al. investigated the adsorption characteristics of polyacrylamide (PAM)-based polymers on anisotropic basal planes of kaolinite using QCM-D. 182 They first deposited the kaolinite nanoparticles on QCM-D sensor and flowed 500 ppm of Al(OH) 3-PAM flocculant over the sensor at a flow rate of 0.15 mL min ?1.


anionic PAM can be used for flocculation. When flocculated with cationic PAM, the absolute value of the surface potential of the particles decreased, and the electrostatic adsorption between cations and tailings was the main way to produce loose flocs; when flocculated with anionic PAM, there was no

Flocculation of both anionic and cationic dyes in aqueous solutions by

1. Introduction Due to the development of modern society, textile industry has become one of the major polluters of water [1]. As the main pollutants in textile wastewaters, dyes are not only esthetically unwelcome, but also engender annoyance to the aquatic biosphere [2], [3].

A Review on Coagulation/Flocculation in Dewatering of Coal Slurry

The effect of charge density on the bridging mechanism and adsorption rate in flocculation of kaolinite suspension using anionic polyacrylamides (PAM) of similar molecular weight: (A,B) the increase of cationic PAM led to the dominance of strong adsorption and loss bridging; (C,D) anionic PAM caused the decrease in the adsorption rate due to

A review on the influence of chemical modification on the

Adsorbents are insoluble porous solids capable of binding liquid or gaseous molecules to their surfaces in a simple and cost-effective method of water treatment. The performance of an adsorbent depends on the chemical and physical properties of the adsorbent surface as well as that of the soluble substances. The chemical modification provides a

The effects of chemical modification on adsorbent performance

The adhesion of atoms, ions, or molecules from a gas, liquid, or dissolved solid to a surface is known as adsorption (Amalina et al., 2022a; Ge et al., 2021).The adsorbate is the substance that is adsorbed, and the adsorbent is a solid on which the substance accumulates (Abdulrahman et al., 2020).

Water purification by using Adsorbents: A Review

Agricultural waste peels, biomass based activated carbon and industrial byproducts have been used as low cost adsorbents for the removal of pollutants from water and wastewater Bhatnagar et al. (2015)Yagub et al. (2014)Ahmad and Danish (2018)Olu-Owolabi et al. (2017)Georgieva et al. (2015).

Role of Adsorption in Petroleum Industries and Refineries

Keywords: desulphurization, adsorbent, wastewater treatment, kinetics, equilibrium. 1. INTRODUCTION Adsorption is one of the easiest and efficient separation methods used in chemical, petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries. Adsorption is classified based on the mechanism as physical and chemical adsorption.

Removal of organic pollutants from produced water by batch

At a PAC adsorbent dose of 0.25 g/100 mL, maximum oil removal efficiencies (99.57, 95.87 and 99.84 percent), COD and total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) were identified. Moreover, when zeolite X was used at a concentration of 0.25 g/100 mL, the highest turbidity removal efficiency (99.97%) was achieved.

Carbon based materials: a review of adsorbents for inorganic

process.2,3 Absorption as a water treatment technology merely concentrates the common pollutants and transfers them to other phases. The adsorption phenomena are characterized by and depend on the interactions between adsorbate molecules and adsorbent. The absorption capacity of a carbon-based adsorbent for chemical compounds depends on the

Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater: a comprehensive

Different reported methods were devoted to heavy metal ions removal from various wastewater sources. These methods could be classified into adsorption-, membrane-, chemical-, electric-, and

Recent developments in hazardous pollutants removal from

Wastewater composition varies depending on the chemicals used in the upstream processes and the nature of treatment it has undergone; thus classifying industrial wastewater into specific

Zeolites in Adsorption Processes: State of the Art and Future

Zeolites have been widely used as catalysts, ion exchangers, and adsorbents since their industrial breakthrough in the 1950s and continue to be state-of the-art adsorbents in many separation processes. Furthermore, their properties make them materials of choice for developing and emerging separation applications.

A Review on the Treatment of Petroleum Refinery Wastewater

The petroleum industry is one of the most rapidly developing industries and is projected to grow faster in the coming years. The recent environmental activities and global requirements for cleaner methods are pushing the petroleum refining industries for the use of green techniques and industrial wastewater treatment. Petroleum industry wastewater contains a broad diversity of contaminants

Graphene/polyacrylamide interpenetrating structure hydrogels for

The equilibrium water absorption capacity of the composite hydrogel was approximately 300%, and the adsorption capacity for NiCl 2 was approximately 110.25 mg/g, demonstrating promising potential for practical applications.

Advances in the preparation of hydrogel for wastewater treatment: A

Hydrogels are being investigated recently for wastewater treatment. These polymeric networks permit their functional group alterations imparting high binding affinity for different contaminants in wastewater. Their innate ability to imbibe huge volume of water qualifies it for a smart material for water remediation.

Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in environmental

High molecular weight (10 6 ¨C3 ¡Á 10 7 Da) polyacrylamide (PAM) is commonly used as a flocculant in water and wastewater treatment, as a soil conditioner, and as a viscosity modifier and…

Advances in the preparation of hydrogel for wastewater treatment: A

Hydrogels are being investigated recently for wastewater treatment. These polymeric networks permit their functional group alterations imparting high binding affinity for different contaminants in wastewater. Their innate ability to imbibe huge volume of water qualifies it for a smart material for water remediation.

Graphene/polyacrylamide interpenetrating structure hydrogels for

the design of hydrogel adsorbents. In wastewater treatment, when hydrogels are directly placed in heavy metal ion effluent, their powder-like prop-erties can result in secondary pollution due to the difficulties in recovery after adsorption. The physical co-blending of graphene with the above two materials cannot effectively

Hydrogel: Preparation, characterization, and applications: A review

Hydrogels can be divided into two categories based on the chemical or physical nature of the cross-link junctions. Chemically cross-linked networks have permanent junctions, while physical networks have transient junctions that arise from either polymer chain entanglements or physical interactions such as ionic interactions, hydrogen bonds, or hydrophobic interactions [11] .

Rapid solidification of Portland cement/ polyacrylamide hydrogel (PC

polyacrylamide hydrogel (PC/PAM) composites for diverse wastewater treatments Shaoxiong Ye, a Pan Feng*ab and Wei Zhang a Cementitious solidi?cation is an e?ective but time-consuming method for waste disposal, and the incorporation of polyacrylamide hydrogel in Portland cement paste is a simple way to enhance the time-

Swelling properties and basic dye adsorption studies of polyacrylamide

Polyacrylamide hydrogel is a functionalized polymer containing a large number of amide groups which grant a great selectivity for the elimination of several organic pollutants and minerals [19].

Interfacial assembly of self-healing and mechanically stable hydrogels

Hou, N. et al. Facile preparation of self-assembled hydrogels constructed from poly-cyclodextrin and poly-adamantane as highly selective adsorbents for wastewater treatment. Soft Matter. 15 , 6097

¦Â-Cyclodextrin-Polyacrylamide Hydrogel for Removal of Organic

Water pollution by various toxic substances remains a serious environmental problem, especially the occurrence of organic micropollutants including endocrine disruptors, pharmaceutical pollutants and naphthol pollutants. Adsorption process has been an effective method for pollutant removal in wastewater treatment. However, the thermal regeneration process for the most widely used activated

Simultaneous and sensitive determination of the main metabolites of the plasticizer DEHP and its substitutes DEHTP, DINCH and … – RSC Publishing

With the prominent but toxicologically critical plasticizer di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) declining, alternative plasticizers are increasingly used leading to a continuously more diverse exposure situation of humans with multiple plasticizers. Therefore, an on-line SPE-LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneo

Temperature- and solvent-dependent migrations of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, the hazardous plasticizer from commercial PVC blood storage bag

Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is the predominant phthalic acid ester (PAE) mainly used to plasticize polyvinyl chloride (PVC) thermoplastics [1¨C3]. Since DEHP is bound only physically on to the PVC polymer or embedded in the mesh spaces of its net, it can easily be leached into the surrounding medium, and after cycling through the ecosystem it ultimately reaches in to humans [ 4 , 5 ].

Alternative Plasticizers As Emerging Global Environmental and Health Threat: Another Regrettable Substitution? | Environmental Science & Technology

(1) Phthalate plasticizers have been regarded as hazardous compounds due to numerous reports based on its toxicological effects, including bioaccumulation potential, endocrine disruption, carcinogenicity, and developmental defects. (1?4) These findings resulted in global regulation measures and control of typical phthalate plasticizers (5?7) and…

DEHP plasticizer and blood bags: challenges ahead – Lozano – 2013 – ISBT Science Series – Wiley Online Library

Dr. Carl W. Walter, a Clinical Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School, started working at his kitchen in 1947 to produce a plastic bag that could contain and store the blood for transfusions.

Mycelial fungi completely remediate di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, the hazardous plasticizer in PVC blood storage bag

This pioneering work describes how simply, inexpensively and efficiently novel fungi utilize the alarming plasticizer, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) blended in PVC blood storage bags (BB). In order to quantify total DEHP (33.5%, w/w) present in BB, it was extracted using n -hexane and confirmed by GC¨CMS.

Machine learning-assisted non-destructive plasticizer identification and quantification in historical PVC objects based on IR spectroscopy – Nature

8 Citations 17 Altmetric Metrics Abstract Non-destructive spectroscopic analysis combined with machine learning rapidly provides information on the identity and content of plasticizers in PVC…

Integrated multi-omics investigations reveal the key role of synergistic microbial networks in removing plasticizer di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Å_±±átŒW´óŒWÏû»¯átŒWÑо¿ÖÐÐÄ Ñо¿³É¹û: ësÕIؕ«I ? ÎÄÕ ? ͬÐÐÔuŒ 6 ÒýÎÄ Ë¹¸ßÅÁ˹£¨Scopus£© ¿‚Ó[ Ö¸¼y ÕªÒª Di- (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is the most widely used plasticizer worldwide, with an annual global production of more than 8 million tons.

Integrated multi-omics investigations reveal the key role of synergistic microbial networks in removing plasticizer di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), also 62 named bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate), is the most widely used plasticizers worldwide, accounting for 63 approximately one-third and 80% of PAEs produced in the European Union and China, respectively.

4-Heptanone is a metabolite of the plasticizer di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in haemodialysis patients – Oxford Academic

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is the major plasticizer used in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products to achieve the desired softness and stability for specific applications. It is incorporated into electrical cables, clothing, wall coverings, flooring and many medical devices, where it may constitute up to 40% by weight.

Stabilization of lipid membranes through partitioning of the blood bag plasticizer di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP). – Semantic Scholar

The presence of DEHP in the bilayers resulted in subtle, yet statistically significant, alterations in several membrane properties in both, the X-ray diffraction experiments and MD simulations, indicating the formation of thicker, stiffer membranes with increased local curvature. The safe storage of blood is of fundamental importance to health care systems all over the world. Currently …

Transformation Products of Tire Rubber Antioxidant 6PPD in

6PPD, a tire rubber antioxidant, poses substantial ecological risks because it can form a highly toxic quinone transformation product (TP), 6PPD-quinone (6PPDQ), during exposure to gas-phase ozone. Important data gaps exist regarding the structures, reaction mechanisms, and environmental occurrence of TPs from 6PPD ozonation. To address these data gaps, gas-phase ozonation of 6PPD was

(PDF) Rubber Antioxidants and Their Transformation Products

Chinese Academy of Sciences Zhiruo Yang Wenjuan Li Abstract and Figures Antioxidants are prevalently used during rubber production to improve rubber performance, delay aging, and extend…

Chemical Characteristics, Leaching, and Stability of the Ubiquitous

We here report chemical characteristics relevant to the fate and transport of the recently discovered environmental toxicant 6PPD-quinone (2- ( (4-methylpentan-2-yl)amino)-5-…

Transformation Products of Tire Rubber Antioxidant 6PPD in

6PPD, a tire rubber antioxidant, poses substantial ecological risks because it can form a highly toxic quinone transformation product (TP), 6PPD-quinone (6PPDQ), during exposure to…

Chemical characteristics, leaching, and stability of the ubiquitous

We here report chemical characteristics relevant to the fate and transport of the recently discovered environmental toxicant 6PPD-quinone (2-((4-methylpentan-2-yl)amino)-5-(phenylamino)cyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione or ¡°6PPDQ¡±). 6PPDQ is a transformation product of the tire rubber antioxidant 6PPD that is ubi Contaminant remediation and fate Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts

Rubber Antioxidants and Their Transformation Products: Environmental

China is one of the main countries producing rubber antioxidants, and the production accounts for more than 70% of the total amount globally. The production of rubber antioxidants in China ranged from 365,000 to 378,000 tons during 2016¨C2020, showing a constant annual trend .

Computational Studies of Rubber Ozonation Explain the Effectiveness

This and other pressures have led the development of highly effective rubber additives that protect rubber from degradation during manufacture and use, 2 most notably p-phenylenediamines (PPDs). 3,4 Among these, 6PPD (N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N¡ä-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine) in particular has gained ubiquity in the tire industry and is included at 0.5¨C1.5 wt % in standard formulations. 2 As a

A new toxicity mechanism of – ScienceDirect

The fate and distribution of 6PPD and 6PPD-quinone would be influenced by environmental factors such as temperature, illumination, and storm events, etc. Although 6PPD and 6PPD-quinone have potential adverse effects on aquatic organisms, and 6PPD-quinone has species-specific toxicity, toxicological mechanisms of these compounds are still unclear.

Recent progress in the rubber antioxidants: A review

Xueliang Jiang a , Liqun Zhang b Add to Mendeley Get rights and content Highlights ? The strategies to improve the anti-oxidative efficiency of rubber antioxidants have been presented. ? Recent advances to minimize the blooming and migration of antioxidants have been summarized. ?

6PPD – Wikipedia

6PPD. Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 ¡ãC [77 ¡ãF], 100 kPa). 6PPD is an organic chemical widely used as stabilising additive (or antidegradant) in rubbers, such as NR, SBR and BR; all of which are common in vehicle tires. [1] Although it is an effective antioxidant it is primarily used

Anionic polyacrylamide APAM-Henan SECCO Environmental

Anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) series products are water ¨Csoluble linear polymers synthesized under high degree polymerization, easily soluble in water , mainly used in water clarification and purification treatment. Due to its molecular chain contains a certain amount of negative gene, it can through the adsorption of solid particles

Polyacrylamide, a widely used flocculant in water treatment

Specializing in the treatment of various difficult-to-treat wastewater and the treatment of sludge dewatering. (Sludge dewatering generally uses cationic polyacrylamide) It is widely used in municipal sewage and sludge treatment in the paper-making printing and dyeing industry. The molecular formula of acrylamide is: CH 2 = CH£­CONH 2.

Introduction to Polyacrylamide Gels | Bio-Rad

Precast vs. Handcast Gels Format (Size and Comb Type) Polymerization Polyacrylamide gels are prepared by free radical polymerization of acrylamide and a comonomer crosslinker such as bis-acrylamide. Polymerization is initiated by ammonium persulfate (APS) with tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED) as the catalyst (see figure below).

Polyacrylamide Reagents and Precast Gels | Bio-Rad

Ready Gel ? Precast Polyacrylamide Gels. Ready Gel polyacrylamide precast gels are designed to fit the Mini-PROTEAN ? Tetra cell and are ready to run. Simply lock them into the cell, load your samples, and get sharp, beautifully resolved protein bands in 30¨C45 min. Our precast gels provide high quality and reliability and eliminate exposure

Running agarose and polyacrylamide gels | IDT

Agarose gels can be used to resolve large fragments of DNA. Polyacrylamide gels are used to separate shorter nucleic acids, generally in the range of 1?1000 base pairs, based on the concentration used (Figure 1). These gels can be run with or without a denaturant. Gels that are run without a denaturant are referred to as native gels.

Biodegradation of Polyacrylamide and Its Derivatives

Although polyacrylamide (PAM) and its derivatives have many useful applications, their release in nature can have impacts on the environment and human health, thus bioremediation approaches for residual PAM are urgently needed.

Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications

Acrylamide at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day stimulated the degeneration of peripheral nerves and the spinal cord of rats, although no obvious effects were found at doses less than 0.2 mg/kg/day. 152


Polyacrylamide (abbreviated as PAM or pAAM) is a polymer with the formula (-CH 2 CHCONH 2 -). It has a linear-chain structure. PAM is highly water-absorbent, forming a soft gel when hydrated. In 2008, an estimated 750,000,000 kg were produced, mainly for water treatment and the paper and mineral industries.

Effects of physicochemical properties of polyacrylamide (PAA

Chemistry of polyacrylamide and its polymerization Polyacrylamide [IUPAC poly(2-propenamide), hereafter PAM] is a polymer (¨CCH 2 CHCONH 2 ¨C) formed from acrylamide subunits. Polyacrylamide with only acrylamide monomers is nonionic; other monomers such as acrylate or 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonate (AMPS) can be copolymerized at

Biopolymer-based flocculants: a review of recent technologies

The treatment efficiency was better than polyacrylamide and cationic polyacrylamide (Wang et al. 2016a). In another study, the chitosan-g-DMDAAC was used in the dewatering of anaerobically digested sludge. Within the optimal dosage, the CMC was 81.7%, SRF was 2.64 ¡Á 10 8 m/kg, and CST was 1.31 s¡¤L¡¤g ?1 (Zhang et al. 2019). In the pH range

Plasticizing effects of citrate esters on properties of poly

The second is a citrate or acetyl citrate plasticizer synthesized from citric acid [29] [30][31][32], for instance, Chi-Hui Tsou et al. have used acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC) to plasticize PLA …

Effect of acetylated citrate plasticizer on mechanical

In this work, the effects of acetylation modification on the plasticization properties of citrates (triethyl citrate (TEC), acetyl triethyl citrate (ATEC), tributyl citrate (TBC) and acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC)) were investigated by using a combination of characterization techniques and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation.

Synergistic Effect of Two Plasticizers on Thermal Stability

The effect of different plasticizers on thermal stability, transparency, and migration resistance of the PVC stabilized with zinc arginine [Zn(Arg) 2] was investigated.The thermal stability, migration resistance, and transparency of PVC with tributyl citrate (TBC) were better than PVC with dioctyl phthalate (DOP) characterized by oven aging method, migration test, and near infrared-visible …

Glycerol and triethyl citrate plasticizer effects on

The citrate plasticizer migration stability test indicated that in deionized water and 50 % (v/v) ethanol solution, the mobility of TBC was the highest and that of TOC was the lowest. The MD simulation results found that the interaction between PVC and citrate mainly included hydrogen bonding (OH-Cl), van der Waal force (COO-Cl), and the mutual …

Pharmacokinetic Properties of Acetyl Tributyl Citrate, a

The hydrophobic plasticizers include acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC), acetyl triethyl citrate, castor oil, diacetylated monoglycerides, dibutyl sebacate, diethyl phthalate, triacetin, tributyl citrate, and triethyl citrate.

(PDF) Developments of biobased plasticizers for compostable

The demand for biobased materials for various end©uses in the bioplastic industry is substantially growing due to increasing awareness of health and environmental concerns, along with the toxicity…

Citric Acid Tributyl Ester – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Plasticizers on mixing with polymers lower their glass transition temperature and make them more flexible and elastic. These are listed as under: 1. Acetyl tributyl citrate: Citroflex A-4 ( Vertellus) 2. Acetyl triethyl citrate: Citroflex A-2 ( Vertellus) 3. Dibutylsebacate: DBS ( Vertellus ); Stelliesters DBS ( St¨¦arinerie Dubois) 4.

Finding a Benign Plasticizer to Enhance the Microbial

Tributyl citrate and tributyl 2-acetylcitrate are widely used as plasticizers in bioplastics such as PHB due to their high biocompatibility [27,44,45]. L-Linalool and geraniol are natural monoterpenoids, which are components of essential oils derived from plants, and have a unique scent.

Tributyl citrate = 97.0 77-94-1

New development on plasticized poly (lactide): Chemical grafting of citrate on PLA by reactive extrusion. Hassouna F, et al. European Polymer Journal, 48, 404-415 (2012) Aldrich-27497; Tributyl citrate >=97.0%; CAS Number: 77-94-1; Linear Formula: C18H32O7; find related products, papers, technical documents, MSDS & more at Sigma-Aldrich.

Tributyl citrate | C18H32O7 | CID 6507 – PubChem

Modify: 2023-12-30. Description. Tributyl citrate is a carbonyl compound. ChEBI. Tributyl citrate is a natural product found in Artemisia baldshuanica, Lonicera caerulea, and Calophyllum inophyllum with data available. LOTUS – the natural products occurrence database.

SABIC – SABIC? Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP)

General Information Description DOP (Dioctyl Phthalate) is a combustible non-toxic colorless oily liquid with slight odor. Applications Plasticizers for: Cables and wires. Building and construction for cladding and roof membranes. PVC pipes and flooring.

Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) – Chemical Supplier Distributor ChemCeed

DOP is a general-purpose plasticizer and long-time industry standard known for its good stability to heat and ultraviolet light, and broad range of compatibility for use with PVC resins. Dioctyl Phthalate can also be used as dielectric and hydraulic fluids. DOP is also a solvent for many chemicals, such as in glowsticks. Grades Available Technical

DOP Plant –

With our patented plasticizer technology, we build the most qualified and economic DOP (Di Octyl Phthalate) production plants. Through the advantages of our technology we have built 14 turn-key DOP plants in such a short time. The sum of the capacities of plans we built have reached to 350.000 tons/year. PATENTED DOP PRODUCTION PROCESS.

Dioctyl phthalate = 99.5 117-81-7 – MilliporeSigma

Low Dose Exposure to Di-2-Ethylhexylphthalate in Juvenile Rats Alters the Expression of Genes Related with Thyroid Hormone Regulation. Aldrich-D201154; Dioctyl phthalate >=99.5%; CAS No.: 117-81-7; Synonyms: Bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate; DEHP; DOP; Phthalic acid bis (2-ethylhexyl ester); Linear Formula: C6H4-1,2- [CO2CH2CH (C2H5) (CH2)3CH3]2

Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Plasticizer – Fengbai Group

Dioctyl phthalate DOP, an organic ester compound, is one of the most commonly used plasticizers. DOP plasticizer is a transparent oily liquid with no visible impurities in appearance, which is insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents such as ethanol, ether, mineral oil, etc. As the most widely used plasticizer in industry, DOP as

Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) Prices, Monitor, Demand & Analysis – ChemAnalyst

As DOP is commonly used to enhance the flexibility and durability of polymer-based construction materials, this rise in demand has exerted upward pressure on its prices. secondly, the cost of raw materials including 2-EH and phthalic anhydride essential for DOP production has surged during September.

Plasticizer – Wikipedia

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) also commonly known as (dioctyl phthalate, DOP or diethylhexyl phthalate), historically used in flooring materials, medical devices, myriad consumer products, and high explosives, such as Semtex. DEHP was the most common plasticizer for decades and still holds that title globally even as it has largely been

Dioctyl phthalate 99 117-81-7 – MilliporeSigma

Phthalate exposures, in particular to DEHP, have been associated with insulin resistance in adults, but have not been studied in adolescents. Using cross-sectional data from 766 fasting 12- to Diethylhexyl phthalate exposure impairs follicular development and affects oocyte maturation in the mouse.

Reactive Extraction Strategy for Synthesizing Dioctyl Phthalate

Dioctyl phthalate (DOP) is a widely used efficient plasticizer with great stability to heat and ultraviolet light, as well as the compatibility to use with PVCs resin. In this work, the process intensification of reactive extraction strategy is proposed to promote DOP synthesis in a biphasic system, with the halogen-free deep eutectic solvent (DES) [Im:2PTSA] as dual solvent-catalyst.

Dioctyl phthalate = 99.5 117-81-7 – MilliporeSigma

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate inhibits expression and internalization of transthyretin in human placental trophoblastic cells. Zhi-Ping Du et al. Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 394, 114960-114960 (2020-03-24)

Global Polyacrylamide Industry – GlobeNewswire

Amid the COVID-19 crisis, the global market for Polyacrylamide estimated at US$3. 3 Billion in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of US$4. July 31, 2020 02:07 ET | Source:…

Middle East & Africa Polyacrylamide Market to 2028 – By Size, Share

The polyacrylamide market in Middle East & Africa is expected to grow from US$ 236.07 million in 2022 to US$ 299.94 million by 2028. It is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 4.1% from 2022 to 2028. Upraising Demand for Polyacrylamide from Oil & Gas Industry

Middle East & Africa Polyacrylamide Market Segmentation

The polyacrylamide market in Middle East & Africa is expected to grow from US$ 236.07 million in 2022 to US$ 299.94 million by 2028. It is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 4.1% from 2022 to 2028. The oil & gas industry is the major area of polyacrylamide applications. In oilfields, polyacrylamide is a versatile chemical treatment agent.

Polyacrylamide Market – MarketsandMarkets

[130 Pages Report] The polyacrylamide market is estimated to reach USD 3.85 Billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 6.8% between 2016 and 2021. The growth of the market can be attributed to the adoption of polyacrylamide in applications, such as water treatment and enhanced oil recovery.

Polyacrylamide Market Size, Industry Share, & Forecast 2032

Polyacrylamide (PAM) is a synthetic polymer obtained by polymerization of acrylamide monomer, with the molecular formula CH 2 CHCONH 2. It is majorly used for flocculation of solids in a liquid, in processes such as water treatment, paper making, and screen printing due to its gel like properties.

Polyacrylamide – Global Strategic Business Report – Research and Markets

Global Polyacrylamide Market to Reach $5.9 Billion by 2030. The global market for Polyacrylamide estimated at US$3.8 Billion in the year 2022, is projected to reach a revised size of US$5.9 Billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 5.7% over the analysis period 2022-2030. Anionic, one of the segments analyzed in the report, is projected to record 5

Middle East & Africa Polyacrylamide Market to Reach US$ 299.94 million

At 4.1% CAGR, the Middle East & Africa Polyacrylamide Market is speculated to be worth US$ 299.94 million by 2028, says Business Market Insights According to Business Market Insights¡¯ research, the Middle East & Africa polyacrylamide market was valued at US$ 236.07 million in 2022 and is expected to reach US$ 299.94 million by 2028, registering an annual growth rate of 4.1% from 2022 to 2028.

Global Polyacrylamide Market Size to grow USD 29.65 Billion – GlobeNewswire

The Market is growing at a CAGR of 7.4% from 2022 to 2030 The global Polyacrylamide Market is expected to reach USD 29.65 Billion by 2030 The market is geographically divided into five regions:…

Polyacrylamide Global Market Report 2023: Increasing – GlobeNewswire

9. South America Polyacrylamide Market Outlook 10. Middle East and Africa Polyacrylamide Market Outlook 11. Market Dynamics 12. Market Trends & Developments 13. Global Polyacrylamide Market: SWOT

Middle East & Africa Polyacrylamide Market Forecast to 2028 – COVID-19

The polyacrylamide market in Middle East & Africa is expected to grow from US$ 236.07 million in 2022 to US$ 299.94 million by 2028. It is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 4.1% from 2022 to 2028.